What Are the Different Learning Styles and How Do They Work?

Learning styles are an essential part of the education process. Every student learns differently and understanding what type of learner you are can help you maximize your learning potential. There are four main types of learning: visual, auditory, reading, and kinesthetic or tactile. Visual learners learn best by seeing material presented in a visual way, such as videos, diagrams and charts. Auditory learners prefer to take in information through listening to lectures or audio recordings. Kinesthetic learners do best when they can physically handle the materials they’re studying, such as working with models or objects. Knowing your learning style is helpful for determining which study methods will be most effective for you.

4 Main Types of Learning Styles Explained

  • Visual
  • Reading / Writing
  • Auditory
  • Kinesthetic


Visual Learning is one of the three learning styles that make up the VARK model and refers to a preference for learning through visual aids such as diagrams, charts, and videos. People with this style typically process information best when they see it. This type of Learning encourages learners to create mental images of concepts which makes them easier to remember. Visual learners prefer demonstrations over lectures and need frequent breaks from extended reading or writing sessions. They also benefit from using cues such as color coding, graphic organizers, and mnemonic devices. By utilizing visual learning strategies, people with this style can better organize their thoughts and boost their understanding of new material. It is important to recognize different learning styles so that lessons are tailored to maximize learning potential.

Reading / Writing

Reading/writing learners are more likely to remember information they read or write down. Learning and understanding new material is better facilitated by taking notes, summarizing what they’ve read and written, and following the structure of an outline. Exercises such as reading comprehension tests can also be helpful in developing this style. A physical copy of the material in front of them, such as a book or article, helps reading/writing learners better understand and retain the information. Additionally, they can benefit from writing summaries and reviews of what they’ve read to solidify their understanding further. Learning new subjects through reading and writing is a practical approach that comes naturally to those who possess this learning style.


Auditory is a style of Learning that emphasizes processing information through listening and speaking. This learning environment involves lectures, discussions, presentations, and other activities where students can actively communicate verbally with their peers or instructor. Learning through this method encourages verbal expression as well as active listening skills, making it an ideal choice for those who are more comfortable talking and working collaboratively than studying independently. Auditory Learning is highly effective when combined with visual aids such as diagrams and other visuals to help learners better understand concepts. Additionally, auditory Learning promotes problem-solving, critical thinking, and the development of complex language skills. With this style of Learning, learners can gain a deep understanding of the material quickly by engaging in meaningful conversations about the text. 


Kinesthetic learning is the ability to learn through physical experiences – such as touching, feeling, or even moving. People who know best kinesthetically often enjoy role-playing, hands-on projects, and experiments. Kinesthetic learners can remember words better if they write them down multiple times by hand; they remember facts more quickly when they use their bodies to act them out and demonstrate a skill or technique. Learning through physical experience can help these learners absorb new material more rapidly and recall it more easily. Learning through the kinesthetic style helps improve fine motor skills, hand-eye coordination, balance, and other physical capabilities. Kinesthetic activities can also increase concentration and focus on individuals who learn best this way. It is important to provide varied learning experiences for kinesthetic learners – such as field trips, art projects, and outdoor activities – so they can interact with the world and improve their knowledge base.

Other Learning Styles Popular Among Students

  • Logical
  • Social
  • Solitary


The Logical learning is geared toward those who think systematically and have an aptitude for logic. This approach involves problem-solving, investigating, analyzing, and drawing conclusions from data. Those with this style need structure and order in their study environment to learn effectively. They may be particularly interested in mathematics or science due to the logical organization of facts and figures required in these subjects. Learning through trial and error or a process of elimination can also appeal to those with a logical Learning Style. They benefit greatly from clear instructions that have been carefully laid out and plenty of time to practice what they’ve learned until it becomes second nature. If someone can retain information, they likely have a Logical Learning Style. 


Social Learning is a form of Learning in which students learn by observing and interacting with their peers. This type of Learning allows for a more collaborative experience, where students can discuss ideas, exchange opinions and share experiences. It encourages active engagement in the learning process and supports creativity by allowing for exploration and experimentation. Social Learning also helps to build critical thinking skills and promote problem-solving and decision-making abilities. Learning through social interaction can help foster communication, collaboration, self-expression, and constructive feedback among learners. Learning styles such as this are especially beneficial in group work settings where everyone’s input is essential or when trying to understand complex concepts that require multiple perspectives. Learning through social interaction can also be beneficial, allowing for a more personalized learning experience tailored to individual needs. This often result in improved knowledge and a better understanding of concepts. 


Solitary Learning is a style in which the individual completes educational tasks on their own without assistance from others or peer interaction. This type of Learning benefits self-motivated people who can work through tasks without any external motivation. Although solitary Learning may be seen as limiting, it does have its advantages. Learning alone can help an individual avoid time wasted on discussing topics that are not relevant and instead focus on the task at hand. It also allows the learner to complete tasks in their own time and pace, letting them absorb information more thoroughly. Learning independently can further help an individual refine ideas and develop their creativity, as there are fewer distractions from peers. 

Solitary Learning is an excellent option for those who need to manage their time wisely or learn everything independently. However, combining this style with other styles is advised to get the most out of the learning experience. Learning can be made more effective by incorporating all the available Learning Styles. 


There are many different learning styles that can be used to enhance the way we learn and understand new material. Include visual, auditory, tactile, and kinesthetic styles. Each of these styles requires different types of activities to be effective. Understanding your style can help you identify which strategies are best for you to use when studying and understanding new concepts. These styles can also be combined to create a complete experience that allows the material to be learned. Learning and understanding further information is critical for success and recognizing your style can be a great way to get started.

Different Learning StylesTypes of Learning Styles