Child retardation is also called mental disability of children. It’s a condition where a child finds it hard to learn new information and skills and communicate effectively. As a result, he stays far behind from his peers due to his inability to perform his everyday tasks properly.
So, finding proven ways to help your child learn new things and adopt new skills quickly is the need of the hour. If you don’t know how to do so, here is a comprehensive guide to help you educate your retarted child.
Causes of Child Mental Retardation
According to the National Institute of Health, 5-15% of children between 3-5 years suffer from mental handicaps in both developing and developed countries. These stats show that a huge number of children are suffering from mental retardation. So understanding the causes of retardation will help us to control this issue and promote a healthy, happy and productive lifestyle for children.
Certain genetic conditions like Down syndrome, fragile X syndrome, and Rett syndrome cause abnormalities in a child’s chromosomes. These genetic factors are inherited from parents and lead to intellectual disabilities.
Complications during birth often result in retardation in children. Lack of oxygen during a child’s birth can impact his brain development, affecting cognitive functioning. Moreover, premature birth is the biggest cause of a child’s mental retardation. When a child is born early, his mind doesn’t develop properly. It leads to the mental disorder, making the children suffer from mental retardation.
Serious infections and injuries can cause mental retardation in a child. For example, meningitis or encephalitis can cause inflammation in the brain. In case it isn’t treated properly, it results in mental disability..
Multiple socioeconomic factors like inadequate nutrition, limited access to quality education, and high stress levels create an environment that hinders the cognitive learning of a child. Consequently, a child suffers from intellectual and learning disability and doesn’t perform well in any task in his everyday life.
Proven Ways for Educating the Retarted Child
Even if it’s a retarted child, education plays an important role in his cognitive development and working skills. However, educating a child with intellectual disabilities isn’t easy. Applying multiple strategies and using a valid approach is required. Here, inclusive ways are explained below for educating the retarted child:
- Fostering Peer Relationships
- Improving Holistic Development
- Communication Techniques
- Building Self-Esteem
- Short Periods
Teaching a child according to his unique growth pattern helps him learn things easily. It also helps you accomplish your teaching tasks more accurately and properly. However, it doesn’t mean ignoring a child’s participation and activities in groups since they’re super beneficial for his socioeconomic life.
A retarted child has poor memory compared to ordinary children. So, when teaching him, you must repeat the information or certain concepts until he can memorize them properly. However, if your information is interesting, well explained and has a meaningful association, a mentally handicapped child will keep it in mind for the long term.
Fostering Peer Relationships
Encouraging the child to have a sound relationship with his peers is vital to develop his social skills and self-confidence. So, you need to conduct group activities where a mentally handicapped child can build a bond with his peers.
Improving Holistic Development
Teaching a retarted child essential life skills like self-care, time management, and basic financial literacy helps him spend a sound life. Moreover, hiring a therapist specialized in speech and physical therapies provides invaluable support to a child and promotes holistic development.
Using different communication techniques helps a retarted child grasp the information swiftly. So, it’s recommended to utilize clear and concise language and interactive methods so a child can easily understand the concept you explained.
Moreover, tailor your communication according to the child’s learning style, whether visual, auditory, or kinesthetic. You may also use games and social activities to encourage interaction with a retarted child.
Acknowledging the retarted student’s work and celebrating his small successes fosters self-esteem. It also reinforces a student toward learning and makes him more confident. To promote self-esteem in a child, you may establish clear and achievable goals. When the child will successfully achieve the goal, it will nurture his confidence to pursue other tasks.
A retarted child struggles with concentration. However, if he engages with a stimulating subject, he exhibits surprising preservation. So, a teacher must keep his teaching sessions short and brief so the child can grasp the information properly.
Educating the retarted child is hard compared to an ordinary child. So, utilizing certain ways to foster a supportive and equitable learning environment is required. And 6 best proven strategies are explained above. Simply have a look at them and uplift a retarted child. This will not only benefit the children directly involved but also contribute to a more compassionate and inclusive society at large.
What is the most severe form of mental retardation?
Mental retardation is classified into four kinds: mild, moderate, severe, or profound. Profound intellectual disability represents the most severe form since it limits intellectual functioning and adaptive behaviors.
What does mental retardation mean?
The term “mental retardation” is outdated now and is replaced by “intellectual disability”. It refers to significantly impaired cognitive and adaptive functioning. It includes four conditions — mild, moderate, severe, or profound.
Is it possible to recover from retardation?
Recovery from mental retardation is based on the severity and causes of this disease. Some people might make progress with early intervention, therapy, and support. But some people require continual support and tailored intervention to improve their quality of life.
Which factor contributes most to mental retardation?
Genetic conditions, prenatal exposure to toxins, complications during birth, and certain infections — are the biggest causes of mental retardation. However, genetics plays a crucial role in causing mental retardation in a person.